What is artificial intelligence?

April 12th, 2018
What is artificial intelligence?
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Required reading: 2 minutes

Artificial intelligence (KI) means that a computer solves tasks that can otherwise only be handled by a human being: playing chess or evaluating and interpreting data. The machine copies human or rational thinking and behavior, based on logic, for example.

Further definitions of the term

"Artificial intelligence (KItoo Artificial intelligence (AI Or. A. I.), English Artificial Intelligence, AI) is a sub-area of the Computer science, which deals with the Automation Intelligent behaviour. " Wikipedia

"Artificial Intelligence (KI) deals with methods that enable a computer to solve such tasks that, when solved by man, require intelligence." (Gablers economic Lexicon)

"Artificial intelligence is present when machines do things that humans are subjected to in human intelligence." (Marvin Minsky, one of the founding fathers of the Ki)

Those who want to delve deeper into the subject, encounter various explanations for the term artificial intelligence. As a beginner, this is confusing and not enlightening at first. This circumstance is one of the inspirations for our blog. Not to enrich the Internet with another definition. But to show that this confusion exists and that even experts do not provide a uniform description. Even specialist books mention several different explanations. So you can stop looking for "the right definition".

Instead, it depends on the perspective of the individual , as so often in science. Artificial intelligence is a universal subject area that touches on several other topics: psychology, Mathematics, biology, linguistics, economics and even philosophy. No wonder, then, that there are also numerous approaches to the definition of the concept. Marvin Minsky, a pioneer of AI, called Intelligence in this context a suitcase word. Terms with which we mean many things, so that we can speak abbreviated about complex questions.

In principle, strong and weak artificial intelligence is distinguished. weak ki Narrow AI refers to machine-based systems designed to solve a specific problem. This includes, for example, the image or speech recognition based on the Pinterest lens or Google home.  strong Ki General AI refers to the ability of machines to independently solve various problems or tasks – just like a human being. This form of AI is currently being explored. However, experts assume that it will take decades for strong AI to be operational.

Specialist books explaining artificial intelligence in detail

  • "Manual of Artificial Intelligence" by Günther Gorizia, Josef Schneeberger, Uta Schmidt, 2014 (DE)
  • "Artificial Intelligence – a modern approach" by Stuart Russel and Peter Norvig, 2010 (ENG)

If you want to make a picture of artificial intelligence in an entertaining way, I recommend the English-language Netflix documentation "Alpha Go".

My conclusion: To want to understand artificial intelligence in its entirety sounds like a life task. And after at least five other degrees.

Photo by Aron, EyeEm

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